THE ANGLO-SIKH WARS, 1845-1849



THE ANGLO-SIKH WARS

The Anglo-Sikh War-I (1845 – 1846)
The Sikh army was defeated by Lal Singh by Sir Hugh Gough at Mudki in 1845. Sikhs were defeated by Smith at Aliwal while crossing Sutlej and entering Lahore. The war ended with “Treaty of Lohore 1846”.

Results:- 
  • Treaty of Bhairwai was signed.
  • Sikhs were asked to pay 22 lakhs
 The Anglo-Sikh War-II (1848 – 1849)
Sikhs planned to take revenge on British after defeated in the first war with them. Rani Jindan transforted to Shaikpur and Benaras.Thus, there was a drastic reduction in the area of Punjab. 
Results:-

  • Punjab was annexed by Lord Dalhousie.
  • Dalip Singh and Rani Jindan went to England.
  • A board of 3 commissioners( Henry, John, Charles Mansel) was constituted in 1849.